Child poverty 【Status of Japan】
There are many children suffering from poverty in Japan.
Poverty rate is the 4th worst among the developed countries. (16.3% -in the year 2012)
1 out of 6 is living in poverty.
The relative poverty rate of Japan
【Asahi Shimbun News】series「Children and poverty」
Poverty rate of children in single-parent's home is 54.6%
4.6％ Poverty rate of children from single-parent families is 54.6%.
This is the worst among the developed countries.
1 out of 2 is suffering from poverty.
Poverty rate of children of single-parent home
- Parent is a harsh W work in order to get the cost of living
- It becomes less time children spend with the parent
- Parents no longer afford to tell the time and affection to be applied to the education
- I can not get meals nutritious
- It can not be a holiday and leisure and events
- Not go to lessons or cram school
- Not go to the hospital
Dental caries , 9 -year-old mother-to-child household in ten baby teeth only roots , can not visit
- Day-to-day to be chased by the balance of child-rearing and housework
- Parents themselves can not skills and lessons
- Is the name of the mutual support due to dilution and divorce and nuclear families of community relations
- Because it can not participate in the visiting day and school events , it can not be ties with the school and other parents
- Can not extracurricular activities
" Of the more unreasonable ," single mothers , of basketball that gave gave up a dream
- Not go to lessons - School
- It can not be a holiday of shopping and experience activities
- Opts with my friends
19 -year-old mother-to-child household piled shoplifting friends Hoshi is , on probation
- Parents are busy with work W , lean relationship with the school for not come to school events and visiting day
- Fewer choices in the Intensive course
The parents' economic situation affects children's grades and their academic path, thereby hindering them from fulfilling their potential.
99 children die of abuse every year. 65% of the abused children happen in low income families.
Poverty rate of the children who are placed in juvenile reformatories is 28.8%.
★ There is a status quo that social security with respect to single-parent households are not resolved as quickly as possible because of many hindering issues and problems.
More data of existing poverty in Japan
The child poverty rate in Japan in 2012 was 14.9% based on the UNICEF survey. According to the OECD it has become 16.3%, one is said to be in a poverty state in six (15.7% in 2009, with the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare survey). The average annual income is 2,434,000 yen for fatherless families, 5.372,000 million yen in all households, 6,732,000 yen in households with children . (In a survey among 30 OECD countries, the average poverty rate of children is 13.3% ).
Countries and Japan impose poverty on children (Kobunsha Shinsho and materials 1 )
Here we refer to children's poverty as those at the age of 17 or below living under relative poverty with an equivalent disposable income median less than 50%. This fact demonstrates the overwhelming number of children who live under circumstances do not reach the general level of living standards in Japan.
The poverty rate of single-parent household children in Japan is also said to be the worst in the world. Amongst the 30 OECD members Japan is last place with a poverty rate of 54.6 %. Especially in the mother-to-child households where 66% are living in poverty, reasons such as their deteriorating relationship with the community, divorce, decreasing support between nuclear families all contribute greatly to poverty. By extension, one is able to observe that the current social benefits do not provide enough for single-parent homes. The average income of single mothers was 2.43 million yen.
From Aya Abe's "Children of poverty "
Japan is a country which forces poverty on children (Kobunsha Shinsho, materials 2)
Poverty issues do not end with economic difficulties. Struggles such as the lack of money and material possessions influences children in various forms. Families under economic difficulty understandably experience stress, and as a result both parents and children have a tendency to undergo health issues. We have gradually come to understand that these issues lead to abuse and neglect as well. The above diagram demonstrates the intricate relationship between economic difficulties and various resulting issues.
Shift between the corresponding number on child abuse counseling and the number of deaths resulting from abuse (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
Currently, the abuse consultation number is more than 70,000 per year, and has increased by 70 times in 20 years starting from 1990. Additionally, more than 40,000 children have come under protection by the government and live under “social care” such as children's homes facilities or with foster parents. Each year 100 children lose their lives owing to abuse, but the circumstances have long remained unchanged. Half of these children lose their parents together as well. These numbers demonstrate the isolation and suffering both children and their parents experience.
Tokyo Metropolitan Welfare Department 2003 Report
Abuse is a huge detriment to the healthy growth and lives of children, and is an ongoing pressing issue that the society as a whole needs to address as soon as possible. To date, abuse has often been covered as a psychological problem restricted to the individual or family, or a moral problem, but research substantiating its correlating relationship with poverty is gradually accumulating. The findings reveal that households with abused children are 31.8% single-parent families and 30.8% of households experiencing economic strife.
(see Table 1)
The Objectives of JOYFUL are the following.
- To raise awareness among the Japanese youth regarding issues such as poverty and challenging personal circumstances, which may help them realize their own good fortune. Encourage them to study and or work harder and make them more sensitive to the challenges other young people are facing.
- To motivate and promote charity and give assistance towards the less fortunate.
- To provide English lessons to children (often victims of domestic violence) living in children's Homes for them to acquire additional knowledge and skills, be able to interact with foreigners and be exposed to English and other cultures as well as give or share to these children love, care and attention.
- To provide aid and support through better education for the underprivileged children of Barangays (smallest villages Siargao islands, Surigao de Norte, Philippines.
As of September 2016, volunteers are assigned to 10 Children's Homes in Tokyo and Kanagawa-Pref. in Japan giving English classes, games, other activities and hold special events to more than 70 children as well as supporting 2 Orphanages in the Philippines.
This number will increase as we try to connect to other Children's Homes so we could give our support, share our knowledge and love to the children.
It all started with Ms. Divina Liza Sato, a long-term resident in Japan and English teacher for more than 20 years, who opened her own conversation school in the western Tokyo bed town of Machida seven years ago.
Ms. Sato was for a long time looking for a way to give back to the community, utilizing her natural affinity with children. Feeling very much at home in Japan and wanting to take the support and kindness she has received and pay it forward, Ms. Sato she contacted a local children's home in 2007 and began volunteer English lessons with the children, drawing on her professional skills.
Currently almost 35,000 Japanese children under the age of 19 do not live with their parents for various reasons. Approximately 85 percent of these youngsters end up in institutionalized care in one of the country's children's homes or orphanages.（February 1, 2013 Labor_and_Welfare_inquiry）
Only a small fraction of the children at such institutions are actually orphans. However, the vast majority has one or two parents but has been removed from the family home for reasons that include parental neglect or abuse.
Other people voluntarily place their children in such institutions. In a society where fostering and adoption are still the exception rather than the norm, it isn't uncommon for youngsters to spend their entire lives in such care until they graduate at 18, at which point they are left to fend for themselves.
These children often struggle to hold their own with peers in an education system where parents routinely pay for their kids to attend cram school and other after-school activities.
Since most children's homes operate on tight budgets, volunteers such as the JOYFUL volunteers can make a genuine difference in the children's lives.
|Name||NPO JOYFUL（Japan Outreach Youth Foundation for the Underprivileged learners）|
|Date of Establishment||March 13, 2015|
|Main Objective||To help underprivileged children in Japan and the Philippines acquire better education for a brighter future.|
|Director||Divina Liza Sato|
1-1-18 Kiso Nishi Machida-shi,
Founder/Chairman's message - Divina Liza Sato
Greetings! Thank you very much for visiting our website. This is the first step in getting to know and understanding our cause. It's been years since I first planted roots in Japan and started to think of this country as my home. In 2007, I decided to volunteer as an English Teacher in a Children's Home in Tana, Sagamihara City. I wanted to give back the warmth and kindness this country and its people have shown me.
Volunteering opened my eyes and heart, making me eager to extend my help and reach out to other underprivileged children in the Philippines, specifically my hometown since I knew firsthand their predicament.
Kindly check the pages so you can get to know more about our charity and the ways in which you can extend help and compassion to underprivileged children. Let's remember that their tomorrow depends on what we do today...